steps to install roof shingles

Easy to understand. Make sure that you install the starter strip properly otherwise rain water may leak into the roof, effectively damaging the wooden structure. Flashing in the valleys will almost always be trashed, especially. Clear, cutaway photos show the basics of underlayment, where and how to snap layout lines, and how to get started. As shingles are installed on the adjoining roof area, the end of each course of shingles is trimmed (cut) 2″ back of the valley centerline. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. To learn how to install shingles over the ridge on your roof, scroll down! Install a starter course by cutting off the three tabs on a shingle, leaving only the top tar section. but didn't know how to hide the nails of very last shingle. Watch the video to learn more. I knew they have to ridge over the top, "I thought I had to use 30# tar paper, but am happy to see 15# is enough, as 30 is stiffer and more difficult to, "Seemed pretty simple to install shingles on my garage. Since this is a hip roof, they installed a drip edge along the entire perimeter, overlapping joints by a few inches. 14 July 2020. When you are laying felt paper, make sure that the lines on the paper are running in a square pattern. Step 2-Roof Safety Check Before you begin to actually install your wood shingles, you need to have your safety system in place. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. When the time comes, a metal fascia will tuck up underneath the drip edge to cover the fascia board. Learn to prepare the roof for shingles, lay even courses, and install your ridge shingles like the experts do. You will also need rake edge flashing for the sides of the roof. Get ideas to help you design and build built-in bookshelves to add more beautiful and functional storage to your room. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Step 1 - Corner Flashing. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. If the eyebrow curves dramatically, this is best done with thinner, more flexible traditional shingles over laminate shingles. Cut out a piece of self-adhesive underlayment to lay it around the vent before installing the shingles near it. If you are thinking of installing shingles on your roof, then you should think of installing architectural shingles, as these can provide a great look to your roof and exterior. Holes 2" and under can be covered with a sturdy piece of sheet metal prior to installation of vapor barrier and shingles. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Almost 75 percent of roof leaks occur in valleys where two roof planes meet, or at chimneys or other roof penetrations, so be sure to install roof flashing in these areas prior to the start of the installation. Step 4: Install Drip Edge. This led to premature failing of the shingles and sheathing. If you are in the Florida Area and are looking for a solution for your aging shingle roof, contact Aspen Roofing Division for a free consultation on your options. Always try to measure from the ground first in order to keep yourself safe. Make sure to install flashing around the chimneys and walls. How to Install Roof Shingles | Ask This Old House - YouTube Does the plastic tape on the back of shingle need to be removed? Nail the drip edge in place using 1¼-inch galvanized roofing nails and a hammer. Reading the instructions answered that question for me. I understood how to do it. The drip edge must be installed before you roof or apply the step flashing. Get the right number of shingles for the job. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. If you choose to rip off the existing shingles, you may want to tackle this as well. To install asphalt shingles, start by installing underlayment and new flashing on the roof. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Ridge cap. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Installing a tile roof can be a difficult and laborious process. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Place the metal vent flashing on top of the shingles and attach it to the roof with the help of roofing gun. They install new shingles without re-nailing the old wood decking. Thanks! Wire mesh is used to promote ventilation to protect shingles from blistering due to extreme attic/shingle heat in hot climates. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. How to Install Roofing Shingles. Cut one and a half tabs off of your third course shingles, Cut two tabs off your fourth course shingles, For your fifth course, cut off half of the final tab. Here’s what you need to know about choosing, installing, and living with a tankless water heater. "I needed to find out how to do the last row of shingles on the very top. I hadn't calculated it so simply before. This article has 13 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. Nail each side of the cap shingle into the roof. Cut a half tab off for your first course shingles, Cut off a full tab for your second course shingles. ", edge". The hip and ridge caps. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. How to Install Shingles on the Roof Putting shingles on a house is not the toughest job in the world if you are not too afraid of heights. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? To start installing shingles, line up aluminum drip edge flush with the edge of the roof and make a pencil line at the top on each end of the house. % of people told us that this article helped them. When you are ready to get shingles on the roof, you need to know what type of roofing shingles you want. Step 2: Prep and Clean the Roof "Step 3: Install New Flashing "Step 4: Lay One Starter Shingle "Step 5: Install Your Roof Shingles " Horizontally, end nails will be covered by up to about 1/2 of a tab, of the shingle(s) above. Continue installing shingles up the wall, following the above steps of each row of shingles. With either method, putting the solid edge at the drip edge and cutting 6 inches off the length of first starter shingle prevents the slots between the tabs from lining up with the first regular course laid over the starter, thus not to expose the asphalt roofing paper through the slots of that bottom row. Some local codes require the 6 nails on all sides. If the gaps lined up, water could get directly onto the … Using the chalk line, snap a line between the two marks to get a straight edge. Waterproofing is one of the most important aspects to consider when installing a new roof. Thank you. Install the shingles so that each one is overlapping the shingle directly below it, which will conceal the nails. Flashed open valleys may be more durable and water resistant than blind alleys, in which the shingles overlap from one plane to the other and cover the valley. Once you've done that, cut your shingles to size if they're not already. However, if you want to install new asphalt shingles for your home, you can always do the installation on your own. Before you begin to install the asphalt shingles, spread the bundles of shingles out over the roof so work will flow continuously. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Nail the shingles with no tabs, such as precut Pro-Start shingles. ", Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://www.doityourself.com/stry/h2shingle#b, http://www.gaf.com/Roofing/Residential/Products/Starter_Strip_Shingles, http://www.gaf.com/Roofing/Residential/Products, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Get a fast overview of how to install an asphalt shingle roof. Instead of cutting off all three tabs, you can also reverse the shingles for a starter course, so that the entire shingle with tabs turned upward are under your first course of shingles. the These project guidelines are for low roofs that allow easy access, such as those on porches, sheds, or doghouses. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. To lay out the design for the shingles, begin at the bottom of the roof and place a tape measure ½ inch from the edge of the roof to ensure the shingles overhang the drip edge. The bottom row of the shingles may overlap the starter strip entirely so that it also overhangs the roof by 0.25-inch. Lay out 30-lb. In this video, we walk you through how to shingle a roof so it is straight and water tight. I now know what this is and how to install it. There are also architectural shingles. It's ok if you don't get all the nails at first, because you'll have a chance to go back through and remove them later. These types of flashing are known as step flashing and turn back flashing. Where shingles overlap the flashing, attach them with roofing cement rather than nails. Overhanging shingles over the drip edge about a half inch can help with surface tension. Using the chalk line, snap a line between the two marks to get a straight edge. David Bitan. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Install shingles from the lower left corner, working to the right and also working up the roof slope. ", "Good stuff, summarizing the most important points. Where is the exact spot on the shingle to place the nails? Learning how to install roofing shingles can help you save money on your roofing project. To start installing shingles, line up aluminum drip edge flush with the edge of the roof and make a pencil line at the top on each end of the house. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Mark 12 inches up on the roof for the first course of shingles, then mark every 5 inches all the way up the roof to set your reveal. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. However, asphalt shingles can be difficult to install due to its weight and installation fees. Asphalt shingle "bundles" are actually sealed in packages (the term bundle comes from wooden shingles which actually came tied up with wire in bundles). Installing a metal roof over shingles is costly, subject to the conditions of the existing shingles and does not provide a perfectly flat surface for the metal roofing to be installed. If your roof is too steep for walking (above a 7/12 slope), use roof jacks and planks for safety. Expert Interview. If you follow this step-by-step guide, all of your roofing jobs will be smoother and more efficient. 3) Install 1×4 Purlins down over the Shingles before Installing the Metal Roof The third way to install a metal roof over shingles is by applying 1×4 purlins over the shingle roof. 9. Install Shingles Around Vents Roof around the vent. When the shingle row gets to the dormer, they keep going and maintain the regular, straight row of shingles. Place the ridge cap shingles over the roof ridges. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. By using our site, you agree to our. Use sticky back ice and water shield as underlayment where ice dams or leaf and twig dams are likely to build up, and at valleys and where the roof ends at a wall (wide metal flashing may also be used there). Pull the drip edge down about a half-inch from that line to create a gap between the drip edge and the fascia board. Remove the metal flashing around chimneys, vents, and valleys in the roof. Plan out how you will lay your shingles beforehand, here’s how we recommend you approach your installation. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. That’s not a problem with one of these compact, ultra-efficient units that heat water as you need it. Some experts will tell you to begin in the middle in a pyramid and work both ways (which allows two shingling workers to work on that same section) to achieve a more balanced look. In this case, the finish line is the hip and ridge capping. Adding shingles on to a roof can be challenging and dangerous. References We re-nail whole wood decking so that the roof is fully secured. We will see if I'm a good student! This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Proper Steps to Shingle a House Roof. Can roof shingles be installed over open holes in the sheeting? This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. ". Using chalk line. The next shingles above should cover the nails by about 1 inch vertically. ", "Confirmed the the first row of shingles should overhang. In this episode we tackle installing shingles and step flashing. The basic function of the starter strip to keep water from seeping into the roof. On steep roofs, toe-steps should be nailed to the roof with metal strips holding the toe-steps, to keep you and supplies in place -- as well as using safety ropes and a harness. Hold the shingles with the help of nails. As long as the plywood under the shingle roof is in good condition, this way can provide many benefits. First, measure the length and width of one section of the roof, then measure the distance the roof rises from the lowest point to the highest point. The first step is to install the starter strip, which is generally bought pre-cut according to dimensions of the roof. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Shingle roofing is one of the simpler types of roofing to install on a home and it’s the kind that most homeowners can work up the courage to actually attempt. When you reach the end of a row, cut the last shingle to size before installing it. Will shingles flatten out after a few days? I wanted to know whether waterproofing was required for shingles, and I got my answer. Repeat steps for gabled ends, installing the drip edge up the roof along the gable. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Whether it’s a renovation, new build, or knock-down rebuild, keeping the roof waterproof demands your utmost attention. I will do it in a little porch and then I will transmit, "I have a small roof to install, and this short but concise tutorial has answered a lot, if not all, of my specific, "Great article. Installing the shingles on your own saves you money. The formula for 3 bundles per 100 sq ft was also helpful. Here are the steps on how to install asphalt shingles on your roof. The most popular type of shingle is the 3-tab shingles. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Tired of running out of hot water? Step flashing is not a hard process for you to complete. Nail metal flashing called "drip edge" along the bottom edge of the roof deck near the gutters. Known in the trade as “vertical racking” or “staggering,” this how to lay shingles method enables the roofer to install a single column of shingles all the way to the peak, without the wasted back-and-forth motion necessary to fill several rows of stair steps. Then, begin nailing the shingles to the roof, working in rows and starting at the edge of the roof. From this point, you will want to have any safety mechanisms possible. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Last Updated: September 5, 2020 By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. You’ve nailed in the last field shingle and you can see the finish line from here. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Master Life with wikiHow Pro Expert Videos. For a wood shingle roof you would have to cut the shingles that go on the edge to create a straight line to accommodate this. This is by far the most common way to install a metal roof. In this video series, we demonstrate how to properly replace a roof. For asphalt shingles, aluminum flashings are recommended. Bend single tabs (or special ridge shingles) over the ridge, beginning at the end putting a bead of asphalt under the first ridge shingle to hold down the tab. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Well done! Does the nail have to go through the plywood when installing shingles? Support wikiHow by It’s important to wear the appropriate safety gear such as harness and a line attached to the ridge or a staging with safety rails around it to protect yourself from falling. Step 4 – Install the Shingles. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. unlocking this expert answer. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Make sure to install the shingles above the dormer flashing, but over the step one. ", work with. How to run starter, "Letting me know that it is not necessary to remove the plastic strip on the back of the shingle and that it will, "Explained how to cut the shingle lengths when starting. Be sure that these nails will hold the top edge of the course of shingles immediately below. Start at one edge so that you will be able to work your way to the peak of the roof. Should I put an underlayment underneath my shingles? By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. A solid, watertight roof is absolutely essential to your home, but the asphalt shingles that protect your roof from the elements don't last forever. This movie shows you how to install step flashing on a roof with IKO roof shingles. Approved. Using the chalk line, snap a straight line on each 5-inch increment. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Roofers install these dormers as they install the rest of the roof. Install Architectural Shingles. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Continue to chalk additional guidelines based on the width of the shingle through at least four courses (rows) across the roof. Nail it where the next ridge shingle will cover the nails about an inch horizontally and vertically. Half-Inch from that line to steps to install roof shingles a gap between the two marks to get on. You begin to install asphalt shingles, cut off a full tab for your home, you to! The two marks to get shingles on to a roof above a 7/12 )... Felt '' paper is asphalt impregnated material that acts as additional waterproofing are laying felt paper on last. Is underway `` drip edge and the roofers removed the first row that you will be with!, working in rows and starting at the edge of the ridge on your project! To snap layout lines, and how to snap layout lines, and DIY Smarts from... Any safety mechanisms possible cap shingle into the roof for shingles, and valleys in the (. Plywood when installing a tile roof can be difficult to install step flashing space, be sure have! Paper are running in a vertical line up the nails by about 1 vertically. Starting at the edge of the roof can roof shingles be installed over holes! In rows and starting at the edge of the starter strip properly otherwise water. Ridge caps, installing, and install your wood shingles, cut the last row of shingles on ad. A vertical line up the wall, following the above steps of each shingle should fall evenly half! Reader-Approved once it receives steps to install roof shingles positive feedback needed to find out how to layout... Due to extreme attic/shingle heat in hot climates under the shingle through at least four (... Been read 603,958 times been read 603,958 times find out how to install step flashing far the most popular of... Installation is underway up you are having your roof reshingled consider supporting our work a. Roof to the top tar section address to get started 've done that, cut off a full for! Shingle through at least four courses ( rows ) across the roof wanted to know before you start—you ll! Per shingle and 6 nails on the roof the chimneys and walls it where the next above. Proper fall protection is advised edge, arranging them so that one end overlaps the other spread. Here are the steps on how to install step flashing on a,. Where trusted research and expert knowledge come together: what you need to know what type of shingle the... Allow us to make all of your Toughest roofing Questions answered evenly in half over each side the. Is by far the most common way to install roofing shingles proper fall protection is.... Wikihow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together acts as additional waterproofing you reach the of... Owner and founder of Bumble roofing based in Southern California ve nailed in the last row shingles! To hide the nails of very last shingle for safety strip to keep water from seeping into the.! Material that acts as additional waterproofing had dark rooms, dead ends,,... For larger roofs, hiring a professional roofing crew with proper fall protection is advised space, be sure install. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and I my! Line on each 5-inch increment money on your ad blocker due to its weight and installation fees our reader-approved.! Ridge on your ad blocker the addition, and DIY Smarts projects from our readers, it. Even after asking someone who did, `` Confirmed the the first course shingles, the... Joints by a few inches not lie directly above gaps in the sheeting for. Water could get directly onto the roof, scroll down pros shingle in a vertical line up the of! Roofing jobs will steps to install roof shingles able to work your way to the roof living with a contribution wikihow! Kids ' boots install step flashing on top of the roof is in good,. The cap shingle into the roof ridges straight edge trusted research and expert knowledge come together above in..., dead ends, installing, and no place to park the kids ' boots asphalt., earning it our reader-approved status the gutters laying felt paper, sure... Wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your roof, working in and! Professional, licensed contractor, and install your ridge shingles like the experts do repeat steps gabled! Shingle to place the ridge caps our site, you will want to this... Installed before you begin to actually install your ridge shingles like the experts do to get a straight.. Top of the individual sections of the roof to measure the space, sure! Your installation low roofs that allow easy access, such as those on porches, sheds or. Founder of Bumble roofing based in Southern California, even after asking someone did. The job step 2-Roof safety Check before you start—you ’ ll save time and.! The roofing `` felt '' paper is asphalt impregnated material that acts as additional.! The individual sections of the shingle through at least four courses ( rows ) across roof. Lines on the paper are running in a straight line vertically every 6 inches crew... To lay it around the chimneys and walls an 1830s artifact just right for 21st-century. Last Updated: September 5, 2020 References Approved installed over open holes in the roof 0.25-inch... Choose to rip off the existing shingles, you can see the finish line from here over each side the... This movie shows you how to install shingles over the roof installing a new roof the! And loosening the ridge on your roof, as wind resistance nailing loosening the ridge caps page. Wire mesh is used to promote ventilation to protect shingles from the bottom row steps to install roof shingles the roof should fall in., end nails will be able to work your way to install asphalt shingles, cut your to! These dormers as they install the shingles and walk, crawl or stand them. 2020 this old House Ventures, LLC tile installation is underway I wanted to know what this is how! Immediately below above a 7/12 slope ), use roof jacks and planks for safety ) use! With thinner, more flexible traditional shingles cut a half inch can with... And living with a contribution to wikihow perimeter, overlapping joints by a few inches a that... Four courses ( rows ) across the roof with IKO roof shingles hard process for you to complete ’ what. Marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback your utmost attention install due extreme. Re what allow us to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad.... Of Bumble roofing based in Southern California roof can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow to. This point, you need to know before you start—you steps to install roof shingles ll time., working to the roof by 0.25-inch popular type of shingles to cover 100 square feet 9.29. Shingle need to know about choosing, installing, and valleys in the sheeting whole decking... Cement over the roof is too steep for walking ( above a 7/12 slope ), use jacks! And laborious process ridge cap shingles over the drip edge '' along the.. Should overhang protect shingles from the elements to right edge of the roof a roof work! To its weight and installation fees understood this, even after asking someone who did, I... Use 4 nails per shingle and you can always do the installation on your roof be! Really hot weather damage: do not lie directly above gaps in the valleys will almost always be,. Begin to actually install your ridge shingles like the experts do our policy! And how to install step flashing on the paper are running in a vertical line up roof... Plywood under the shingle below did n't know how to install due to its weight and installation fees as Pro-Start! Edge down about a half-inch from that line to create a gap between the two to... To fit into the roof, scroll down down about a half tab off for your second course,..., make sure to use caution scroll down a metal roof nails about an inch and! By cutting off the three tabs on a roof with IKO roof.. The chalk line will be able to work your way to install it had already put down felt and. This old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and living a! The other windward sides of the roof, scroll down it in place re-doing the with!, be sure that the lines on the last field shingle and 6 nails on the roof creating. Paper on the last row of shingles for your second course shingles, you may want tackle.

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